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GPS IIR/IIR-M

Global Positioning System (GPS) Block IIR, supported by the 2nd and 19th Space Operations squadrons at Schriever Air Force Base, Colo. Image courtesy of Lockheed-Martin for Department of Defense and media publications; use for commercial purposes is prohibited.

GPS IIR

MISSION

 

Deliver sustained, reliable GPS capabilities to America’s warfighters, our allies and civil users.  GPS provides positioning, navigation and timing service to civil and military users worldwide

 

BACKGROUND

 

In 1989, the GPS IIR contract was awarded to Lockheed Martin for the development and production of 21 space vehicles (SVs). In August 2000, the United States Air Force awarded Lockheed Martin a contract to modernize eight existing GPS IIR satellites. On 17 August 2009, the last GPS IIR-M (modernized) satellite was launched from Cape Canaveral AFS, Fla.

 

DESCRIPTION

 

The GPS IIR/IIR-M program has entered into the sustainment phase with closeout of the original GPS IIR contract pending. 

 

  • Current contract:  Sustainment

  • Monitor GPS IIR satellites from Schriever AFB

  • Support 2 SOPS in day-to-day control and maintenance

  • Provide trending analysis

  • Provide expertise in resolving anomalies/out-of-family conditions

     

  • Production Contract:  Closeout Contract Line Numbers (CLINs)

    • Disposition of all GPS IIR/IIR-M material

    • Verify and close remaining CLINs

    • Continue to execute the on-orbit incentive plan

    • Final contract actions

       

CAPABILITIES

  • Legacy signals:  L1 C/A, L1/2 P(Y)

  • Modernized signals:  L2C (GPS IIR-M only), L1/2 M-Code (GPS IIR-M only)

  • Navigation Message

 

GENERAL CHARACTERISTICS

  • Orbit:  Six orbit planes at 55 degree inclination

  • Altitude:  10,898 nautical miles

  • Design life:  7.5 years, 6-years MMD

  • On-orbit weight:  2484 lb

  • Size:  62 in wide, 77 in deep, 87 in high

  • Position accuracy:  3 meters, with daily updates from the control segment  

 

Electrical Power Subsystem

  • Solar array: 144 ft2; high-efficiency silicon cells, 1040-watt capacity

  • Battery system:  NiH2, rechargeable

  • Electronics:  Central controller with redundant discharge converters and battery chargers

 

Attitude Determination and Control

  • Design approach: Zero momentum, 3-axis stabilized, Earth-oriented, Sun-nadir pointing

  • Attitude reference control:  Static Earth sensor, Sun sensor, reaction wheels/magnetic coils

 

Propulsion Subsystem

  • Design approach:  Monopropellant N2H4

  • Propellant capacity:  208 lbs

  • Thrusters: Twelve 0.2-lb REAs and four 5.0-lb REAs

     

Total Navigation Payload

  • Timekeeping subsystem: Multiple atomic frequency standards: Rubidium clocks, radiation-hardened design, high stability timing, automated integrity monitoring

  • Mission Data Unit: 1750A central processor, ADA HOL, integral baseband processor, full message encoding and processing, real-time Kalman filter

  • Crosslink transponder data:  RF receive and transmit, precision inter-satellite ranging, full-frame modulation and mode control

 

Structure and Thermal

  • Modular design:  Six aluminum honeycomb panels mounted to a central aluminum core

  • Passive thermal control:  Blankets, thermal coatings, radiators, and electrically controlled heaters, new L-band panel with heat pipes for GPS IIR-M SVs

  • Active thermal control: Electrically controlled heaters, relays, thermostats

 

Tracking, Telemetry, and Command

  • RF links:  Two S-band transponder using SGLS channel 6

  • Security architecture:  Encrypted data links, redundant 1750A control processor, centralized command decoding and telemetry communications

  • Autonomy:  On-board power and key component redundancy management

 

Prime Contractor:  Lockheed Martin  

 

(Current as of April 2018)